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Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation
"...extrinsic goals to promote learning encourages more shallow conceptual understanding and less persistence while learning than does the use of instrinsic goals."
Vansteenkiste, M., Lens, W., and Deci, E. L. (2006) "Instrinsic Versus Extrinsic Goal Contents in Self-Determination Theory: Another Look at the Quality of Academic Motivation. Educational Psychologist, 41 (1), 19-31
Intrinsic means internal or inside of yourself. When you are intrinsically motivated, you enjoy an activity, course or skill development solely for the satisfaction of learning and having fun, and you are determined to strive inwardly in order to be competent, the task itself being the reward. There is not external inducement when intrinsic motivation is the key to behavior or outcome, however without any form of intrinsic motivation it is difficult and unlikely to be able to motivate a person too perform a task.
Examples of Intrinsic Motivation
Definition: When you are motivated intrinsically, you have fun and look for skill development and competency, personal accomplishment and excitement. If you write articles for the curiosity and fun of learning and sharing information or run because it relieves stress and makes you feel better or excites you to improve your personal time, you are intrinsically motivated. As well, when you learn a new game and seek to play it often because it excites you to think differently and work
internally to develop your skills, you are motivated by intrinsic measures. Some Factors that motivate a learner intrinsically- if a person is personally challenged, curious to acquire knowledge, control or alter the outcome, imagination to fantasize about he outcome and how it can affect them, competition within one's self by
comparing how well they are doing in a comparison to others, cooperation in helping others and being recognized or appreciated for your accomplishments.
Extrinsic means external or outside of yourself. This type of motivation is everywhere and frequently used within society throughout your lifetime, rewards are used like better grades money, promotions for example giving the person doing the job a sense of satisfaction that the task alone does not achieve. When you are motivated to behave, achieve, learn or do based on a highly regarded outcome, rather than for the fun, development or learning provided within an experience, you are being extrinsically motivated.
Examples of Extrinsic Motivation
Trophies, medals, money, discounts, grades, entrance to programs or schools, higher commission percentages, new clothes and losing weight are all examples of extrinsic motivators. In childhood, bribery is used, schools use grades, trophies and academic recognition based on good behavior, grocers use discount cards and coupons to save you money while you shop at their store and corporations use bonuses and commission scales to encourage growth and sales numbers.
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